Twilight on Hunter Mountain, 1867

by Sanford Robinson Gifford (1823–1880)
Oil on canvas
10¼ x 17 inches
Signed and dated lower right: SR Gifford 1867


Private collection

Sale, Christie’s New York, New York, June 3, 1983, lot 74, from above

Wolf Family Collection, Texas, acquired from above

Sale, Glorious America: The Wolf Family Collection, Sotheby’s, New York, New York, April 20, 2023, lot 506, from above

Related Works

A Sketch of Hunter Mountain, Catskills, 1865, oil on canvas, 10⅛ x 16⅞ inches, dated lower right: Oct 9th 1865; Private collection

Hunter Mountain, Twilight, 1866, oil on canvas, 30⅝ x 54⅛ inches; Terra Foundation for American Art, Chicago, Illinois

Note: In the Fall of 1865, Gifford set out on a sketching trip through the Catskills region. He created several depictions of this mountain scene, including a larger version now in the Terra Foundation for American Art, which he exhibited at the National Academy of Design in 1866 to great esteem. In this work, Gifford depicts a cattle farm nestled in a clearing near a tree line. In the distance sits Hunter Mountain, the second-highest peak of the Catskill Mountains, while the cut tree stumps in the foreground highlight the increasing destruction of the natural wilderness throughout the 19th century as settlers continued to expand and develop on the land.

Erving and Joyce (Joy) Wolf were passionate art collectors who amassed a remarkable collection throughout their marriage with works by some of the most recognizable American artists of the 19th and 20th century.

Artist Biography

Prominent Luminist Hudson River School painter

By Amy Spencer

Defining the salient characteristics of the second-generation Hudson River School, Sanford R. Gifford’s luminist style effectively evoked both the subtle and dramatic effects epitomized by landscape painting in nineteenth-century America.

I. Biography
II. Chronology
III. Collections
IV. Exhibitions
V. Memberships
VI. Notes
VII. Suggested Resources

I. Biography

The second-generation Hudson River School painter Sanford Robinson Gifford was a master at depicting light and atmosphere in landscapes. As the only painter among his contemporaries to be born and grow up

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