Colin Campbell Cooper (1856–1937)
A noted Impressionist who worked throughout the United States, Europe, and India, Colin Campbell Cooper made a name for himself with his modern street scenes and architectural cityscapes. Born in Philadelphia, Cooper studied under Thomas Eakins at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts before moving to Paris for further training at the Académie Julian, the Académie Delecluse, and the Académie Viti. He spent several years traveling through Europe, depicting the monuments, harbors, gardens, and streets of France, Italy, and Spain. When he returned to the United States in the 1890s, he moved between New York, Philadelphia, Santa Barbara, and Taos, painting, teaching, and lecturing on art. Notably, he served as a watercolor instructor at Drexel Institute in Philadelphia and was named the dean of the Santa Barbara School of Art.
Cooper exhibited widely, showing his work at the Paris Salon, the National Academy of Design, the Corcoran Gallery, the Boston Art Club, and the Art Institute of Chicago, among other leading venues. He won prizes from the American Watercolor Society, the New York Watercolor Club, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the Art Club of Philadelphia, the Atlanta Exposition of 1895, the Buenos Aires Exposition of 1910, and the San Francisco Pan-Pacific Exposition of 1915. His work is now featured in the White House, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Museum of Art, the San Diego Museum of Art, and the Luxembourg Museum in Paris.