William Louis Sonntag (1822–1900)
William Louis Sonntag was a vital force in the Hudson River School movement. Inspired by the sweeping grandeur of the American landscape, Sonntag traveled extensively from his home in Cincinnati to the Ohio River Valley, Kentucky, and West Virginia to record his picturesque findings. He painted dramatic landscapes featuring cloud-filled vistas and majestic mountain ranges invested with a strong Romantic sentiment. Sonntag was elected an Academician of the National Academy of Design in 1861 and exhibited at all the major venues, including the Boston Art Club, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and the Brooklyn Art Association. Celebrated as one of the most influential American painters, Sonntag is represented in the collections of The White House, The Smithsonian American Art Museum, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection in Madrid, and the National Gallery of Victoria in Australia.