Union Square, Winter (Washington Monument)

by Theodore Robinson (1852–1896)
Oil on canvas
18⅜ x 22⅜ inches

Provenance

The artist

(Possibly) Archie Chandler, New York, acquired from above

Henry Morgenthau Jr., Poughkeepsie, New York

Robert M. Morgenthau, New York, by descent from above, 1967

Estate of Robert M. Morgenthau, New York, 2019

Sale, Christie’s, New York, New York, May 17, 2022, lot 39, from above

Exhibited

(Possibly) Macbeth Gallery, New York, New York, Theodore Robinson, 1895

(Possibly) Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 65th Annual Exhibition, December 23, 1895February 22, 1896

(Possibly) Brooklyn Museum, New York, Theodore Robinson (18521896), November 13, 1946–January 5, 1947

Literature

John I. H. Baur, Theodore Robinson (18521896) (Brooklyn, NY: Brooklyn Museum, 1946), 77, no. 232.

Related Work (see following pages)

Union Square, 1895, oil on canvas, 20 x 16⅝ inches; New Britain Museum of American Art, Connecticut

Note: Henry Morgenthau Jr. served as the United States Secretary of the Treasury throughout most of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration. In 1934, he established the Treasury Section of Fine Arts whose aim was to collect works of art to showcase to the public in federal buildings across the country. The Section commissioned works of art from both experienced artists as well as lesser-known talents.

Robinson lived near Union Square, a neighborhood with many artist studios at the time. He painted several depictions of this iconic square featuring the equestrian monument of George Washington.

Artist Biography

As one of the first, and most important, American Impressionists, Theodore Robinson helped to introduce the French style to American artists and audiences. His life was one of promise and influence that ended too soon, snuffed out by an asthma attack at the age of forty-three.

Robinson fully immersed himself in French painting, embracing the cosmopolitan current of fin-de-siècle art. After studying at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, he formed his Impressionist style at Giverny, alongside Claude Monet. In the 1880s, Monet was considered the leader of the French School, with Americans “flocking” to his home in Giverny. Robinson

Read More

As one of the first, and most important, American Impressionists, Theodore Robinson helped to introduce the French style to American artists and audiences. His life was one of promise and influence that ended too soon, snuffed out by an asthma attack at the age of forty-three.

Robinson fully immersed himself in French painting, embracing the cosmopolitan current of fin-de-siècle art. After studying at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, he formed his Impressionist style at Giverny, alongside Claude Monet. In the 1880s, Monet was considered the leader of the French School, with Americans “flocking” to his home in Giverny. Robinson was one of the few artists to work closely with Monet; he stayed at the art colony regularly between 1887 and 1892 and collaborated with Monet on many works. Yet theirs was not a relationship divided between master and pupil: Robinson’s aesthetic developed in response to Monet’s, marked by both convergence and divergence. Even as Robinson adopted Monet’s vigorous handling and heightened surfaces, he remained faithful to the muted tones, solid construction, and volumetric realism of the American tradition.

These areas of divergence became more pronounced after Robinson returned to the United States in December of 1892, determined to reconnect with the American soil. As he adapted his French method to the landscape and art world of the United States, he developed an increasingly complex personal style—showing the beginnings of an evolution from Impressionism to abstraction.

During his time in America, Robinson helped to found the Art Students League and won the Webb and Shaw Prizes from the Society of American Artists. The Brooklyn Museum of Art held a major Robinson retrospective in 1946; the Baltimore Museum of Art mounted a traveling exhibition in 1973. His work is also in the White House, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Whitney Museum of American Art, and the National Gallery of Art, as well as the Musée d’Art Américain Giverny.

Read Less

Contact Us About This Painting





    This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply.

    Related Categories

      Go To Top