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American Impressionism
The impressionists created revolutionary paintings by using a new technique of visible brushwork and vibrant colors. They strived to capture fleeting moments, to depict light, and to express the rapidly changing modern society in which they lived, often with a focus on leisure activities. Impressionism reached the United States shortly after it began in Paris in 1874, but the movement continued to flourish here into the early part of the twentieth century. As America’s cities erupted in population and industry, the energetic style of Impressionism became the perfect mode for artists to express the new world around them. Known as The Ten, the group of artists that worked to establish American Impressionism included Frank Weston Benson, William Merritt Chase, Childe Hassam, Willard Leroy Metcalf, and John Henry Twachtman.