Estate of the artist
David David Gallery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Gertrude Stein Gallery, New York, New York, by 1975
Adams Davidson Galleries, Washington, DC
Mrs. James Jennison, Alexandria, Virginia
Hirschl & Adler Galleries, New York, New York
Knoedler-Modarco S.A., New York, New York
Private collection, acquired from above, 1980
Sale, Sotheby’s, New York, New York, May 24, 2001, lot 100, from above
Private collection, Bend, Oregon
The Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, American Cornucopia: 19th Century Still Lifes and Studies, April 5–July 30, 1976
Theodore E. Stebbins Jr., The Life and Works of Martin Johnson Heade (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975), 169, fig. 90, 271, no. 304, 272, no. 305 (as Flowers on Red Velvet).
John V. Brindle and Sally Secrist, American Cornucopia: 19th Century Still Lifes and Studies (Pittsburgh: The Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation, 1976), 8, 20, 21, cat. 19.
Theodore E. Stebbins Jr., The Life and Work of Martin Johnson Heade: A Critical Analysis and Catalogue Raisonné (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000), 338, no. 562.
Cherokee Roses, ca. 1890, oil on canvas, 10 x 16¼ inches; Detroit Institute of Arts, Michigan
Note: Theodore E. Stebbins Jr. writes: “During the mid-1880s, shortly after his arrival in Florida, Heade made a series of oil sketches of the Cherokee rose (Rosa laevigata), a beautiful white flower that grows wild in the South. Its large, flat blossoms have distinct golden-yellow stamens, and its crisp leaves are dark and shiny.”
Critics of the time praised his depictions of the Cherokee roses. The St. Augustine Tatler wrote of Heade’s studies “of the Cherokee rose that grows so profusely here, climbing over stumps and hedges, transforming them into things of beauty,” describing them as “wonderfully like; the pure white petals, yellow stamens and glossy, dark leaves are so natural as to deceive.”
In the 1975 catalogue raisonné, this work was published as both cat. 304 (Cherokee Roses in a Glass Vase) and cat. 305 (Flowers on Red Velvet). Theodore E. Stebbins Jr., The Life and Work of Martin Johnson Heade: A Critical Analysis and Catalogue Raisonné (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000), 157.  Theodore E. Stebbins Jr., Martin Johnson Heade (Boston: Museum of Fine Art, 1999), 123–24.  Stebbins, The Life and Work of Martin Johnson Heade: A Critical Analysis and Catalogue Raisonné, 338.
Nineteenth Century Itinerant Artist of Striking Originality
By Amy Spencer
Heade pursued the delicately wrought realism of his Hudson River School contemporaries, underscored by his folk art training, to unify landscape painting with a scientific interest in ornithology and botany.
VII. Suggested Resources
Only a bare outline of celebrated Martin Johnson Heade’s life is known and only a fraction of his known works have been located.1 However, despite the dearth of primary biographical material, this
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