Born in Scotland in 1836, Andrew Melrose is believed to have immigrated to the United States around 1856. Living in New Jersey, he became known for his landscapes of the area, as well as for his depictions of the Hudson Valley and New York Harbor. Widely traveled, Melrose captured the natural beauty of a diverse variety of regions, including the Berkshire Hills, North Carolina Mountains, Shenandoah Valley, Cornwall, England, Lake Killarney, Ireland, and the Tyrolese Alps. His painting New York Harbor and the Battery, now in the collection of the White House, brought him recognition and was distributed widely as a chromolithograph in 1887. Melrose’s art was exhibited at the National Academy of Design (1862–83) and the Brooklyn Academy of Art (1881). His work may currently be found in the collections of the New-York Historical Society, Newark Museum, and Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin.