American landscape painter Alexander Bower attended the Philadelphia Museum School of Industrial Arts and the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, where he studied under Thomas Anshutz. Bower was a member of the Salmagundi Club, the American Watercolor Society, and was awarded a fellowship as an Associate at the National Academy of Design. The artist exhibited at a variety of prestigious institutions, including the Carnegie Institute, the National Academy of Design, the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Corcoran Gallery of Art. Circa 1914, Bower moved to Cliff Island, Maine with his wife, where he began painting his celebrated depictions of Cliff Island and Cape Elizabeth. While in Maine, Bower served as Director of the L. D. M. Sweat Memorial Art Museum, Director of the School of Fine & Applied Arts, Portland, ME and was an art instructor at Bowdoin College.