Maxfield Parrish (1870–1966)
Maxfield Parrish was one of the twentieth century’s greatest painters and illustrators, whose work ranks among the most-reproduced in the history of art. Born in Philadelphia, Parrish learned to paint from his father, the artist Stephen Parrish, and studied at Haverford College, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, and the Drexel Institute. His technical skill allowed him to develop unique glazing techniques and incandescent color effects—including his own “Parrish blue”—that gave his work a mysterious, lyrical quality. He achieved national fame with his paintings, murals, book and magazine illustrations, calendars, and prints; influenced artists including Norman Rockwell and Andy Warhol; earned record prices at auction; and won countless prizes. Today, his work is featured in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the de Young Museum of San Francisco, and the Carnegie Institute.