Marsden Hartley (1877–1943)
One of the great Modernists of the twentieth century, Marsden Hartley has earned a central position in the history of art. His career took off under Alfred Stieglitz, who responded to Hartley’s bold, lyrical forms and mounted his first solo exhibition at his famed 291 Gallery. From there, Hartley continually moved between the United States, Europe, and South America, looking to the natural world as a creative entry-point. As he moved between people and places, his art shifted between styles and subjects, positioned in a continual state of redefinition and renewal. His work has been the subject of two major retrospectives, held at the Museum of Modern Art in 1944 and the Whitney Museum of American Art in 1980, and is featured in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Gallery of Art, the Smithsonian American Art Museum, and the Brooklyn Museum of Art.