Hugh Henry Breckenridge (1870–1937)
Never limiting himself to one particular mode of painting, Hugh Henry Breckenridge experimented with both accepted and modern art trends throughout his lifetime. Breckenridge began his career at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in 1887 and later studied with the famous French Academic painter, William Adolphe-Bouguereau, at the Academié Julian. It was during his time in Paris that Breckenridge began his first foray into one of the newest styles to appear on the international art scene: Impressionism. A later trip to Europe in 1909 would lead to his interest in abstraction and modernism.
Breckenridge eventually returned to Philadelphia where he became one of the leading instructors at his alma mater for nearly forty-three years. In addition to helping bring modernism to America, the artist was heralded for his exhibition of diversely painted portraits and landscapes at multiple institutions including the National Academy of Design and Paris Exposition; he was also affiliated with the New York and Philadelphia Watercolor Clubs. Today, his works can be viewed at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, the Los Angeles County Museum, and the San Francisco Museum of Art.