Alfred H. Maurer (1868–1932)
Alfred Henry Maurer has been called the First American Modern because of his role in bringing modern methods of working to the United States. The son of the prominent Currier and Ives illustrator Louis Maurer, Alfred started his artistic life in New York by exploring the work of William Merritt Chase and James Abbott McNeill Whistler. Maurer left New York for Paris in 1897 to study painting; he would remain there for seventeen years. In 1914, Maurer returned to New York, bringing with him a vast knowledge of the newest artistic movements including Fauvism. Maurer’s brightly colored and energetic works earned him the George Inness, Jr. Prize at the Salmagundi Club and the Gold Medal at the Carnegie International. His paintings are now at the Whitney Museum of American Art, Smithsonian American Art Museum, and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.